Does Depression Cause Memory Loss? Know Reasons

Does Depression Cause Memory Loss? This is a big question in front of many individuals who are suffering from Mental Health Issues

If you are looking for the answer to “Can Being Depressed Cause Memory Loss?” in this blog, you’ll get the correct answers to all your queries. 

According to a study, individuals suffering from depression struggle while moving through daily routines. For them, happy things appear muted, and bad things sound even worse. It also brings changes in their thinking which turn into difficulty in remembering things. 

Let us discuss how Depression Cause Memory Loss?

How does depression cause unpleasant symptoms and Memory Loss?

In the event that you are experiencing depression, you likely hope to feel sad, hopeless, or weepy. Be that as it may, discovering it also influences your memory may be a frightful surprise.

Memory Issues relevant to depression are thought to occur because of your brain’s processing speed. The brain’s ability to take in information quickly and efficiently becomes damaged when you are depressed. Overall it affects how you process and retrieve your memories. 

Deep depressed individuals feel it more challenging to distinguish between the same experiences. In short, they’re less likely to remember and recall them. Also, individuals get vague and have difficulty on focusing, which can prevent focusing on things enough to remember them. Depression has the tendency to trap you in negative thought loops, and it interferes with your ability to recognize other facts or details. 

Does Depression Cause Memory Loss? Know Reasons
According to a study, individuals suffering from depression struggle while moving through daily routines.

What are the 5 Types of Depression?

Understand how Depression Cause Memory Loss in different Type of Depression.

Major Depression

It is also known as major depressive disorder. Individuals are having major depression experience symptoms most of the day. It involves signs like difficulty sleeping or sleeping for more time, less energy to work, loss of appetite or extra eating, tremendous pain, hopelessness, continuous anxiety, thoughts of death in the mind, and self-harm. 

Such kind of symptoms can last for some weeks or even some months. Some individuals might have a solo episode, while some experience it throughout their life. 

Situational Depression 

This type of depression is also known as adjustment disorder with depressed mood. But in many respects, it looks like a major Depression. Situation depression is brought on by specific situations like the death of a loved one, a serious illness, divorce or child custody problems, abusive relationships, financial difficulties, etc. Such situations cause situational depression, and it affects when it starts interfering with daily life. 

Seasonal Depression 

Seasonal Depression is also known as a seasonal affective issue. This type of depression is scientifically known as a major depressive disorder with seasonal patterns. In short, it occurs in a particular season, and the winter months are most common for many individuals to have it. 

It includes symptoms like social withdrawal, increased requirement for sleep, weight gain, and familiar feelings of sadness. This depression may get worse as the season progresses and then lead to suicidal thoughts in mind. It also starts to improve as soon as the season turns into the next season. 

Persistent Depression

It is also known as dysthymia or chronic depression that lasts for two or more years. Persistent depression can pressure relationships and make day-to-day tasks hard. It includes signs like deep sadness, low self-esteem, less interest in things you enjoyed a lot before, change in eating habits, changes in sleep schedule, memory problems, and difficulty in working. 

 Persistent depression is a long-term kind of depression, and its symptoms can become less intense for months at a time before worsening again. Some individuals also have episodes of major depression prior to or during persistent depression which is called double depression. It lasts for years at a time, so individuals start to feel like their symptoms are just part of their normal life. 

Manic Depression/ Bipolar Disorder

Manic Depression comprises times of mania or hypomania, where you feel cheerful, exchanging with scenes of sadness. It is an obsolete name for bipolar disorder. To be determined to have bipolar disorder, you need to encounter a scene of insanity that goes on for seven days or less if hospitalization is required. You may encounter a depressive scene previously or following the manic scene.

It consists of symptoms of Major Depression, and other symptoms are high energy, reduce sleep, irritability, racing thoughts, increased confidence, and unusual, risky, and self-destructive behavior. The episodes of manic depression can include hallucinations and delusions. Sometimes individuals can get combined episodes in which they get symptoms of both mania and depression. 

What happens in the brain during the depression?

Individuals suffering from depression can get differences in the brain’s structure and chemicals. Let’s see what kind of changes they can get:

Part of the brain is called the hippocampus cortisol when you’re stressed. At the point when your brain gets overflowed with cortisol for extensive stretches of time, it can slow or stop the development of new neurons in the hippocampus. This outcome in the hippocampus shrinking in size, which thusly prompts memory issues.

The convergence of cortisol triggered by depression additionally makes the amygdala grow. This is a piece of our brain related to emotional reactions. At the point when it increases and becomes more active, it causes sleep interference, changes in movement levels, and changes in different hormones. 

Individuals with depression have more inflammation in the brain. Individuals who have battled with depression for over ten years have 30% more inflammation. Brain inflammation can demolish depression, meddle with neurotransmitters that control mood, and contrarily clash learning and memory. 

Hypoxia, or diminished oxygen, has likewise been connected with depression. The consequence of the brain not getting satisfactory measures of oxygen can include irritation and injury to and death of brain cells. Thus, these progressions in the brain affect learning, memory, and mindset.

Other factors can also cause memory loss.

Memory loss could also be caused by the following:

  • Normal memory loss due to aging is manageable. This could be illustrated by forgetting where your glasses are but recalling them later in the day.
  • Alzheimer’s disease, the most common type of dementia, is the most dominant. It can lead to irreparable progressive brain damage and memory impairment.
  • Mild cognitive impairment can cause thinking problems in individuals and eventually lead to Alzheimer’s Disease.
  • Even if you don’t lose consciousness, minor head injuries or trauma can cause memory issues.
  • Some medications can cause forgetfulness.
  • Brain tumors and brain infections can cause memory loss or dementia-like symptoms.
  • A vitamin B-12 deficiency could cause memory issues. This happens because your red blood cells and nerve cells aren’t healthy.
  • Consumption of alcoholism and drug abuse can affect your mental health as well as your ability to work. It can also happen when alcohol is mixed with other medications.
  • Hypothyroidism can slow down your metabolism and cause memory problems.
  • Memory problems can be caused by brain or nerve damage from multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease. A study in the year 2013 found that people with depression are more likely than others to develop Parkinson’s Disease.

Memory loss can be caused by electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). ECT can alter brain chemistry and reverse depression symptoms. Your doctor will administer ECT while you are under general anesthesia. ECT is a procedure where your doctor sends small electrical currents through your brain. This causes a brief seizure. After receiving ECT treatments, some people may experience confusion or short-term memory loss.

Now, let’s know how to get rid of the depression?

Depression Overcome Activities

Many people ask can depression be cured. The answer is yes, it is curable. Following are the depression overcome activities to negative depression thoughts:

  1. Get in a Routine – If you are going through depression, you just need a routine as it takes away the structure from your life. You start keeping today’s work on the next day and so on. Setting a tender everyday schedule can assist you in getting back on track. 
  1. Exercise – Doing exercise temporarily enhances feel-good chemicals called endorphins. It may also have long-term advantages for depressed people. Exercise on a daily basis seems to encourage the brain to rewire itself in positive ways. Walking just a few times a week can help you feel good. 
  1. Eat Healthily – Mostly, Depression makes you overeat, so getting in control of your eating will help you feel better. There’s evidence that food like salmon, tuna, spinach, and avocado could help ease depression. 
  1. Challenge Negative Thoughts – Individuals in Depression leap to the worst possible conclusions. Using logic while thinking bad or negative can be the best natural depression treatment. Sometimes you feel like you are a worthless person and nobody like you on this planet. In such a situation, try to ask yourself whether there is real evidence for your opinions? There are always some people who really like you.
  1. Do Something New – Push yourself to do something different, which is similar to pleasure, enjoyment, and learning! You can do activities like going to museums, reading a book on a park bench, etc., and doing such things create chemical changes in the brain that reduces depression. 
  1. Try to Have Fun in Things – Depression makes you feel no fun anymore in anything. So keep trying to do activities you enjoy. 

Last words

It is true that depression can lead to memory problems. According to your mental and emotional state, memory loss can improve or worsen due to depression.

If you have memory problems, your doctor should be consulted with proper treatment and consultation. Your doctor can help you identify the root cause of depression and then memory loss due to it. Then, they can create a treatment plan that will improve your memory and boost your mood.

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