Thyroid disease is common and affects the way your body works. Even if you think of your thyroid as a tiny gland on the front of your neck, it’s much more than that. This small gland controls the functioning of every cell in your body. One major issue of thyroid dysfunction is weight gain. It is a gland in the neck of humans and other animals that produces certain hormones. The thyroid gland is found in the neck. It wraps tightly around the windpipe and sends branches down into the chest cavity and towards the arms, legs, and other body parts.
Is thyroid disorder hereditary?
Now an interesting question arises, is thyroid hereditary? Can we suffer from thyroid if any family member already has thyroid?
The thyroid gland helps regulate the body’s metabolism, and it is responsible for controlling the body’s temperature, heart rate, and more. Thyroid disease is when the thyroid gland does not work correctly. There are several types of thyroid disorders, and you may have inherited them from your family members. The majority of thyroid diseases are not genetic. This is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland. After this makes, it produces too much hormone. It is not passed down through families, but it is more common in people who already have other autoimmune conditions, including diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis.
However, the body makes antibodies against the thyroid gland, slowing its activity. Again, it doesn’t run in families, but it’s more likely if you already have other autoimmune conditions. It is not uncommon for patients to come into the office and say that their mother, sister, or another relative also has a thyroid problem. Certain types of thyroid disorders can run in families, such as autoimmune thyroid diseases like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Some genetic factors can increase your risk of developing thyroid disease. However, there seems to be an increase in the number of people with thyroid problems because testing has improved, and we can pick up these conditions earlier than ever before. It is a fact that a family history of thyroid disease may increase your risk of developing a thyroid condition.
What is a thyroid?
The thyroid gland is an organ located in the neck, and it has a big responsibility: it produces hormones that regulate all sorts of body functions, like breathing, heart rate, mood, energy levels, and more. The thyroid also controls the way your body utilizes energy. It makes two hormones called T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). These hormones are released into the bloodstream and travel to every part of the body, where they control metabolism. When your thyroid does not produce enough thyroid hormone, hypothyroidism, your metabolism slows down. A typical cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s disease. If your thyroid disease produces too much thyroid hormone, a condition called hyperthyroidism in which your metabolism speeds up. This can lead to issues like weight loss and rapid heart rate. Graves’ disease, another autoimmune disorder, is a common cause of hyperthyroidism.
Is Thyroid curable?
The answer is yes. In most cases, if an individual has an overactive thyroid gland, a thyroidectomy can cure it. But even if you don’t, there are other treatment options available that can help manage your symptoms, relieve pain and reduce the size of the thyroid. It relies on the cause and can be curable too. It is not curable but can be well managed in most cases. So, it is less common to have hypothyroidism because of a lack of iodine or because of a medication side effect. These are often easily treatable and curable with time. Here are a few tips for managing your thyroid condition:
- Exercise regularly – A sedentary lifestyle can increase stress levels in people with thyroid conditions. You need to exercise regularly to keep your body and mind active and stress at bay.
- Eat healthily – Junk food, unhealthy foods, and beverages are not suitable for anyone, but especially not for people with thyroid problems. Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables can help you feel better overall and keep your thyroid in check. A single food cannot say a healthy meal you need to eat a healthy mix of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and lean proteins every day.
- Get enough sleep – Sleep deprivation increases stress levels in the body, which assists in worsening thyroid symptoms. Chronic sleep disorders like sleep apnea can also interfere with your ability to get adequate restful sleep.
What is thyroid disease?
Thyroid disease occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough or produce enough of certain hormones — thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Thyroid diseases are some of the most typical endocrine system disorders. Symptoms can vary from weight changes, fatigue, and heat or cold intolerance to more serious complications like difficulty breathing, high cholesterol, or even heart failure. The thyroid gland is located at the front of your neck just below the voice box that makes hormones carried in the bloodstream to every part of your body. They help regulate many essential functions, including growth and metabolism.
There are three main types of thyroid disease: hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and cancer. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are the most common forms of thyroid disease. Both diseases can affect people at any age. Graves disease goiter is an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid. It can also cause eye problems and, in rare cases, a type of heart disease called atrial fibrillation. The primary treatment for graves’ disease is goiter antithyroid drugs and radioactive iodine. Signs and symptoms of graves disease goiter include anxiety, insomnia, weight loss with increased appetite, fatigue, heat sensitivity, increased sweating, irregular menstrual cycle, and more frequent bowel movements. A person can also develop a goiter or bulging eyes (exophthalmos).
How to check thyroid disease at home?
It’s not easy to self-examine your thyroid, but here is some step you can follow to better understand the thyroid gland. The first and most important thing to remember is that you should not be able to feel your thyroid. The thyroid gland is located in the lower neck, at the point where Adam’s apple ends, and the lower neck begins. It is immediately above the collarbone.
You have to tilt your head back a little bit and then swallow water or take a sip of water or juice and see if there is any bulge in your throat. If there is any lump, it could signify that you have an enlarged thyroid gland. The next step is to check if both sides of your neck are similar in size. Put up your fingers on either side of your neck and feel if there are any lumps on either side. While doing so, keep in mind that you might feel small lumps, but they might be lymph nodes that are usually present on both sides of the neck. You will have to handle them carefully as they are generally small and soft.
How to control the thyroid?
The thyroid can be controlled in the following methods:
- Lifestyle changes: People with hypothyroidism should do their best to avoid stress and stay positive. This is because the thyroid gland is very sensitive to stress, and negative feelings can cause problems in areas of the body that the thyroid gland regulates.
- Diet: People with hypothyroidism should avoid eating soybeans and foods made from them, such as tofu and soy milk, as these foods may affect how the thyroid gland works. Also, people with hypothyroidism should limit their intake of cruciferous vegetables as they contain goitrogens that may interfere with thyroid hormone production. However, it is okay to eat these vegetables if they are cooked, as this deactivates their goitrogenic properties.
- Complementary therapies: It is important to note that although some complementary therapies can help improve symptoms of hypothyroidism, they cannot replace medication such as levothyroxine. Some people may find complementary therapies helpful alongside conventional medical treatment or on their own if they choose not to take medication for their condition.
Conclusion for thyroid disease
That’s the end of this guide. However, thyroid disease is a serious and common condition, so you can consult with a doctor if you require professional medical advice and guidance.