What Are the Harmful Substances in Farming? Know All

Have you ever think about “What are the Harmful Substances in Farming?” Let’s know about this. Conventional farming uses pesticides to safeguard plants and fertilizers to enhance how much the plants should grow, control pests and diseases, and increase the plant’s life. A large number of various insecticides and pesticides are used in global agriculture under the insight that they’re rudimentary to achieve maximum crop yield. They’re all similarly applied to the crops by spraying on the crops. The main aim is to destroy insects, pests, diseases, rodents, etc. 

Have you ever think about "What are the Harmful Substances in Farming?" Let's know about this.
History of Harmful Substances in Farming

However, a lot of people are now becoming self-aware of all these harmful products used in agriculture. They’re turning a blind eye to these injected foods and their impact on the environment and the human body and are opting for more organic farm foods. Furthermore, there is a growing requirement for administrative control and management procedures due to the specific challenges that are being acknowledged. 

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History of Harmful Substances in Farming 

The earliest documented chemical pesticide used were elements like sulfur, heavy salts, etc. Elemental sulfur is believed to be the earliest chemical pesticide that was once used to destroy lice. 

During the 19th century, chemicals began to be extracted from their botanical sources and purified later as pesticides. 

What is Conventional Farming? 

Conventional farming uses synthetic chemicals and fertilizers, which get spray on the plant, and in return, it maximizes the yield of that particular plant. This method uses a substantial amount of chemicals and weakens the ecology of the environment over some time. 

Also Read: What is the Importance of Organic Food in Our Bodies?

What is Organic Farming?

Other than consuming these harmful food products, one way to limit its exposure is to create foods without using chemical products. In organic farming, the usage of pesticides, insecticides, etc., is heavily restricted. Farms have to follow some strict rules if they want to label their food products as organic. 

What Kinds of Chemicals Are Used in Farming?

Different types of chemicals used in agriculture are as follows: 

  • Herbicides are get utilize to kill weeds
  • Insecticides get in use to kill bugs
  • Fungicides come in use to get rid of the disease
  • Natural pesticides are not only limited to conventional farming, but organic farming also uses natural pesticides, but they do not cause harm to the human body 

Conventional agriculture farming practices pollute our soils, oceans, and rivers in which large amounts of harmful agricultural chemical substances get a dump. These toxic chemicals include Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Nitrites, Nitrates, Phosphates, and other pesticides, insecticides, etc. Farmlands where phosphorus and nitrate are utilizing to create runoff that flows directly into water bodies, producing algae blooms.

The most commonly used pesticides are:

  1. Metam Sodium
  2. Methyl bromide
  3. Telone II
  4. Chloropicrin
  5. Alphamterin
  6. Carbendazin
  7. Mancozeb
  8. Dimethoate
  9. Imidacloprid
  10. Malathion

The most widely used herbicides are:

  1. Dicamba
  2. Prowl
  3. Pursuit
  4. Liberty
  5. Basagran
  6. Dual and Lasso
  7. Treflan

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Effects of Using Chemical Substances

  • Chemicals accumulate in our body over the years and its effects can range from lung cancer to birth defects, genetic changes, tumors, or in some cases even death. 
  • These pesticides not only just empty the nutritional value of the food but also contaminate it with harmful materials. 
  • Continuous exposure at low doses doesn’t have immediate effects but over time they cause serious illnesses. Illnesses such as asthma, leukemia, Parkinson’s disease, etc.
  • Examples of acute diseases are stinging eyes, rashes, blisters, blindness, diarrhea, nausea, poisoning, etc. 
  • The frequency of such harmful substance use leads to air, water, and soil pollution. as per the estimation only, about 0.1% of pesticides reach the plants while the remaining just contaminate the environment.
  • By the use of pesticides, all humans are at risk of its adverse effects, but the people suffering the most are farmers, workers of pesticide applicators, and agricultural workers.
  • The leading cause of pesticide exposure are due to accidental slippage, leaks from packaging, faulty equipment’s and not being able to follow the safety guidelines. 

Symptoms of Chemical Exposure

When exposed to pesticides, the chemical exposure can be mild, moderate, or severe, and the symptoms may vary with different danger levels. Some signs are as follows:

  • Burning eyes, lips, nose, throat, skin and mouth 
  • Sneezing (sometimes with or without blood)
  • Coughing (sometimes with or without blood)
  • Disorientation
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Headache
  • Heavy sweating
  • Swelling of some body parts 
  • Dizziness

Ways to Reduce Exposure to Pesticides

  • Always buy organic food that grown locally. 
  • Wash the fruits and vegetables before eating or cooking which in turn would remove all the pesticides and harmful substances sprayed on them. 
  • Gain knowledge about which fruits and vegetables have higher levels of pesticide poisoning. 
  • Grow your own vegetables and fruits. 
  • Search for new non-toxic ways to control the insects at your house rather than buying and spraying harmful pesticides in home or garden.

So this is all about “What are the Harmful Substances in Farming?” We need to save our lands by using fewer chemicals and need to use more organic things. Info At One always tries to provide the best information about nature. Stay tuned for more info!

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