What is Measles? Know its 5 Symptoms & Treatment

You need to know what measles are and how the disease can be prevented. I will tell you just that in this article. Let’s first discuss measles meaning.

The virus that causes measles is in the same family of viruses as the one that causes the common cold. Measles’ meaning differs in each language, like measles meaning in Hindi is “khasra.”

What are the Causes and Symptoms?

Causes: 

It can also be spread indirectly by touching a surface that someone with measles has coughed or sneezed on, then placing your hand near your mouth, nose, or eyes.

Measles symptoms:

A wide range of measles symptoms and complications are possible with this health issue. 

Typical measles symptoms include:

  1. Dry cough
  2. Runny nose
  3. Sore throat
  4. Inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis)
  5. The skin may become very sensitive for a period. 

The primary means of prevention is vaccination. A second dose of MMR is recommended at age 4 to 6 years. If you are traveling abroad and are unsure if you have had two doses of MMR or other measles vaccines, you should receive another dose before leaving your country.

How does Vaccinating Against Measles Help Prevent Transmission of it?

Sometimes, even vaccinated people get sick with measles for several reasons:

  • The person was vaccinated with an inactivated (killed) vaccine that was available from 1963 through 1967 and not given again.
  • The person got only one dose instead of the recommended two doses.
  • Vaccinating people against measles helps prevent outbreaks and keeps the virus from spreading when it is brought into the United States from another country. 

The measles vaccine is highly effective. A whopping 94% of children born between 2000 and 2013 were vaccinated, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is generally safe, with about 3 per million doses causing severe side effects. Options for those with problems include seeking vaccinations under more controlled conditions, such as in a hospital. Measles vaccines are effective at preventing infection and death from this health problem, though they may take up to three weeks after injection to provide protection.

With one dose, protection is estimated to be between 75 and 95%, while two doses are closer to 99%. If a vaccinated person does get measles, they are likely to have fewer complications and be less contagious than those unvaccinated. Vaccines against the disease are available in many countries, and it is often combined with mumps and rubella vaccine into the MMR or MMRV vaccines. As a result, only about 60 cases of this health disease were reported in the U.S. each year between 2001 and 2010, with a low of 37 cases in 2004 and a high of 220 cases in 2011. The number of cases rose in 2014, with more than 300 people infected so far this year. 

What are some Myths about Measles?

Myth 1: It is a harmless disease.

The truth: IT can cause serious illness, especially in babies and young children. In rare cases, it can be fatal.

Myth 2: The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine causes autism.

The truth: Scientific studies have repeatedly shown no link between the MMR vaccine and autism.

Myth 3: Anyone who has had t once this disease is immune for life.

The truth: This isn’t always the case. You can get this issue more than once if you don’t have immunity to it or have never had it before.

Myth 4: Most parents whose children die from this disease were too poor to get them vaccinated.

The truth: While lack of access to health care services is a primary reason some people don’t have their children vaccinated, studies have shown that many parents who choose not to vaccinate their children live near health clinics and doctors’ offices where vaccines are available and affordable.

Also Read:Thyroid Disease: Can Acupuncture Help To Balance The Level Of Hormones?

Treatment of Measles

The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms, especially fever and discomfort.

Treatment of measles in adults and children may include:

  1. Pain relievers- Use acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), or aspirin to reduce fever and muscle ache. Aspirin shouldn’t be given to children younger than age.
  2. Fluids- Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration from fever and diarrhea.
  3. If you think you might have a similar issue, go straight to your GP surgery or local urgent treatment center for medical advice without seeing your GP beforehand. Avoid contact with other people while traveling to these places as it is very contagious.

Conclusion

In summary, while this health problem is not the most deadly of diseases and can be treated, the danger lies in its problematic ability to spread and infect. What’s more, it may not take a full-blown epidemic to create a dangerous situation either; a small outbreak can do plenty of damage under the right circumstances and conditions. Finally, vaccinations are readily available, both in terms of preventative treatments and cures (though getting them after being infected would be more challenging). Measles outbreaks are still occurring in the United States despite widespread vaccination.

Children between 12 and 15 months old should get a dose of MMR vaccine followed by a second dose of MMR vaccine at 4 to 6 years old. Individuals who were vaccinated with two doses of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine as children or those with laboratory evidence of immunity to measles, mumps, and rubella; born during or after 1957 should not get another dose of MMR vaccine. If you have received two doses of this disease-containing vaccine (one shot at 12 — 15 months old and another given 4 — 6 years later), you don’t need a third dose.

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